Dussehra is an important festival of Hindus which is celebrated with delight in all over India. It is organized on the Dasami date of the Shukla Paksha of Ashwin Mas. Lord Rama had killed Ravana on this day and Goddess Durga had conquered Mahishasur after the war of nine nights and 10 days. Dussehra is celebrated as the victory of truth on the unreal. Hence it is also known as Vijaya Dashmi.
Dussehra is considered to be one of the three very auspicious months of the year. On this day people worship arms, vehicles and books. It is believed that there is success in the work initiated on the day of Dussehra. Therefore, to start any new work, it is started on this day. In ancient times, the king used to pray for victory on this day and came out for war. Maratha Ratna Shivaji also went out against Aurangzeb on this day and protected Hindu religion.
To celebrate the Dasara festival, large fairs are organized in place. Here people come with their family, friends and enjoy the fair under the open sky. Various types of items, bangles, toys and clothes are sold in the fair. Along with this the food is also full of dishes. Ramlila is also organized at this time. On this day, the effigies of Ravana, his brother Kumbhakarna and Meghnad are burnt. Artists take on the form of Rama, Sita and Lakshman and they shoot these effigies with the arrow of fire. The effigies are full of firecrackers and they start to burn as soon as the fire starts. The crackers in them begin to burst and end them. This festival symbolizes the victory of good over evil.
The festival of Dusshera is celebrated in different states of India. Durgah of Kullu in Himachal Pradesh is very famous. The hill people here take their poojamam pahajamasam puja. In Punjab, nine days of Dussehra Navaratri are celebrated with fasting. The festival of Dusshera is celebrated with the worship of Mother Danteshwari in Bastar. In Bengal, Orissa and Assam it is celebrated as Durgapuja. There are beautiful statues of ladies set up. Mother Durga is worshiped for four days of Saptami, Ashtami, Navami and Dashami. Of these, special worship is done on the Dasami day. Ladies are Goddess Vedas and they play a vermilion game. In Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, Dussehra lasts nine days, in which worship of Goddess Lakshmi, Saraswati and Durga is performed. Dussehra festival is celebrated by the Garba dance in Gujarat. In this, the virgin girls dance with a colorful pitcher on the head. Mother Durga is dedicated to Navratri in nine days before Dussehra in Maharashtra. In Kashmir, the first nine days of Dusshera is the tradition of fasting and drinking only water.
There is also a cultural aspect of Dushehra. India is a farming country. When a farmer brings a grain of Rupees to his farm by cultivating a golden crop in his farm, his happiness is not adequate. On the occasion of this happiness, he accepts God’s grace and worshiped him to reveal it. The festival of Dussehra gives 10 types of sins to give inspiration to abandonment of work, anger, greed, attachment, item, envy, ego, idleness, violence and theft. In this way, Dussehra is a festival of joy and it fills us with renewed enthusiasm for life.
Dussehra is an important and long festival of India. Throughout the country, it is celebrated by people of Hindu religion with full enthusiasm, love, faith and respect. This is a really good time for everyone to have fun. The Dussehra festival also offers a few days leave for schools and colleges. These festivals occur every year in the month of September and October 20 days before Diwali. People are eagerly waiting for this festival.
India is a country which is known for its tradition and culture, fairs and festivals. Here people celebrate every festival with full enthusiasm – joy and happiness. With the importance of the Hindu festival, the Gazetted holiday is announced on this festival of Dussehra by the Government of India to celebrate this festival with full joy. Dusshera means ‘King Ram of goodness on the Ravana king of evil’. Dussehra’s real meaning is the end of the tenth day on the tenth day of this festival of Asur. Tenth day of this festival is celebrated with the burning of Ravana by all people all over the country.
According to customs and traditions of people in many areas of the country, there are many stories about this festival. This festival was started by the Hindu people from the day that Lord Rama had killed Asur Raja Ravana on Dussehra (in the month of Ashu’uja of the Hindu calendar). Lord Rama hit Ravana because he had taken away Mother Sita and was not ready to return. After this Lord Ram defeated Ravana with Hanuman’s warrior army and Laxman.
According to the Hindu scriptures Ramayana, it is said that Raja Ram made Chandi home to please Goddess Durga and receive blessings. Accordingly, knowing the secret of killing Ravana on the tenth day of war, he had conquered it. After finally killing Ravan, Ram got Sita back. Dusshera is also called Durgotsav, because it is believed that on the tenth day, Durga too had killed Asirur Mahishasur. A big fair is organized in Ramlila Maidan of every region where people of other areas come to see the dramatic stage of Ramlila with this fair.
Dashahara is a major festival of Hindus. This festival is celebrated for ten days in the Shukla Paksha of the twenty-third month. These days, worship of various forms of Durga is worshiped. The last day of the festival is celebrated as Vijayadashami. The victory of truth on the untrue is the main message of this festival.
Mother Durga is the goddess goddess of power. Power is very important in life, so devotees pray for strength from Durga. Statue of Mahishasur Mardini Mata Durga is set up in Pt. Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand and other states. Durga Sasvashti is being read for nine days. Shankh, Ghandial and Nagaradas are ringed. Smoky in the places of worship. The torches are decorated. Fasting and fasting are kept in Navaratri. There is a special puja in the temples. There are programs to share the prasad and anchor running.
Ramlila is staged in different provinces of North India. It is said that on the day of Vijaya Dashami Lord Rama slaughtered the King of Lanka, the proud king. Ravana was a tyrannical and arrogant king. He kidnapped Ram’s wife Sita with the trick. Ram has made friendship with Wanarraj Sugriva to liberate Sita from the clutches of Ravana. They crossed the sea with the Vanary army and climbed on Ravana. The fierce battle took place. In this war, all the heroic warriors, Meghnad, Kumbhakarna, Ravana, were killed. Ram, who came to his ashram, made his brother Vibhishan, the brother of Ravana, became the king of Lanka and his wife left for Sita to Ayodhya. Ramlila shows a detailed view of these incidents. By this Shriram’s demeanor purushottam form is exposed.
There are other religious and cultural programs along with Ramlila. Fairs are organized at the place of place. Children participate with enthusiasm in the fair. They swing swinging and watch sports. There is enthusiasm and enthusiasm on every side. On Vijaya Dashmi, the program of combustion of the effigies of Ravana, Meghnad and Kumbhakarna is done. Thousands of people participate in this. By burning effigies, people repeat the message of good victory over evil. There are also attractive fireworks on this occasion. Then people eat and share sweets.
On the day of Vijaya Dashami, there is a program of immersion of the statues of Mother Durga. People move on with trucks and trolleys by carrying statues. A large number of people are involved in this procession. The statues are taken through different routes and taken to the banks of river or lake. There they are immersed. In this way, the festival that lasted for ten days ends.
Dussehra is a festival of devotion and dedication. Devotees worship Lord Durga with devotion. In Navaratri, nine different forms of Durga are worshiped. According to the requirement, Durga, Shellpurutri, Brahmacharini, Kushmanda etc. take various forms and destroy the demonic powers. They are power etc. He is the only Shiva wife Parvati. The world desires to destroy them and destroy their inner demonic power. Durga Roop Jai gives birth and ends the hatred. They end up with man’s wealth.
In India, Dussehra of Kutchu Valley is very famous in Himachal Pradesh. People here and abroad come to see Dussehra here. Here is the triennial of reverence, devotion and joy.
In this way Dashera comes every year and people are filled with devotion. Through festivals, people eradicate their bore and generate new excitement of working within them.
Short Essay & Speech on Dussehra for School Students in Hindi
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